Crytherapy For Abnormal Pap Smear
Cervical cryosurgery or cryotherapy is a gynecological treatment that freezes a section of the cervix. Cryosurgery of the cervix is most often done to destroy abnormal cervical cells that show changes that may lead to cancer. These changes are called precancerous cells. Your gynecologist will probably use the term cervical dysplasia.
Cryosurgery is done only after a colposcopy confirms the presence of abnormal cervical cells. Cyrotherapy is also used for the treatment of cervicitis or inflammation of the cervix. Cryosurgery is not a treatment for cervical cancer.
What happens during cryosurgery?
Cryosurgery is performed in your doctor's office while you are awake. It is similar to a pelvic exam:
However, that's where the similarity ends.
How will I feel during cryosurgery?
How effective is cryosurgery for cervical dysplasia?
Cryosurgery is an adequate treatment for most cases of cervical dysplasia destroying all of the abnormal cervical tissue in over 85 percent of cases. However, when the cervical changes are located in the upper section of the cervix a cone biopsy, rather than cryotherapy, is recommended.
What happens after cryosurgery?
You can return to most normal activities the day after cryosurgery; however, there are a few things you should take note of for the first two to three weeks following treatment:
You should call your health care provider if any of the following occur:
Cryosurgery is relatively risk-free, producing fewer complications than any other gynecological procedure. After cryosurgery you will need Pap tests every three to six months for a period of time. Once you have had several normal Pap smears in a row, your doctor will discuss with you how often you need future screening for cervical cancer.